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Health Care System Development in Kenya and Rwanda : Unlocking New Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Health care is regarded as the 4th most-attractive investment sector in Africa. Economic factors and the regulatory environment are the key aspects companies take into consideration when evaluating new markets.

  • The increased prevalence of chronic diseases, the rising income levels, and the augmented health awareness drive the upsurge in the per capita total health expenditure in Kenya and Rwanda.
  • More than x % of the total mobile penetration, along with ICT infrastructure and connectivity, will be the backbone of new mobile applications and mHealth startups in Kenya and Rwanda.
  • Kenya has the most developed economy in East Africa. From 2004 to 2014, the country’s GDP averaged x %. However, due to lack of proper facilities, about x medical tourism patients from Kenya travel abroad each year, according to the Kenya Bureau of Statistics.
  • HIV/AIDS is the major cause of adult death in Kenya. Effective low-cost point-of-care (POC) HIV diagnostic kits for nucleic acid testing (NAT) and immunodiagnostics hold potential as around 60% of the population live in rural areas without proper access to care.
  • Around 60% of the total pregnancies in Kenya are handled by the private sector.
  • According to the World Bank, in Kenya, out-of-pocket (OOP) expenses account for $ x out of every $ x spent on private health care. Annual private health care investments in East Africa grew by an average of x %, each year, from 2003 to 2013.
  • In Rwanda, patients are often in the late stage of severe disease when they approach x of the x academic referral hospitals.
  • The health transformation in Rwanda over the last x years was enabled, to a large extent, by community health workers (CHWs) who offer a solution to the financial, geographical, and infrastructural barriers in the resource-constrained country, thereby improving access to health in rural communities.
  • Rwanda’s per capita total expenditure on health has increased by more than x % between x and 2012.
  • Although the number of health facilities in the country has increased over the past decade, approximately x % of the patients still travel more than x km to reach the closest facility. Physicians lack both the equipment and the training to provide specialized care.
  • At the national level, the procurement and the distribution of drugs and medical supplies have made progress; however, the same cannot be said about the intermediate and the peripheral levels.
  • By the end of 2017, Rwanda aims to provide 4G LTE technology to x % of its population.
  • More than half of the country’s total health expenditure is funded by external resources. The salaries of doctors and nurses have been cut by x % due to the decrease in external assistance post 2011. Community-based national health insurance schemes do not include coverage at private health centres.
  • Rwanda continues to be the most densely populated country in Africa with x persons living per square km. The high population growth rate is creating a huge demand for health care infrastructure.
  • The formation of the East Africa Community (EAC) could provide opportunities for the insurance companies in the region.

Health care System

  • From 2000 to 2013, Rwanda was the fastest-growing African nation with a yearly growth average of x %.
  • The Ministry of Health (MoH) has started a public health scheme and set up training institutes, such as the Kigali Health Institute (KHI) and the College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Rwanda, Butare.
  • In 2013, x % of the population was covered under public health insurance. The MoH is the major provider of primary, secondary, tertiary, and preventive health services.
  • To improve the current situation, the government has increased national expenditure on health care by around x % (from 1996 to 2013). Over the same period, Rwanda was able to drastically reduce mortality rates due to diarrhoea ( x %) and maternal/neo-natal conditions ( x %).
  • Rwanda’s health profile remains dominated by communicable diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies the HIV/AIDS prevalence in Rwanda as a generalized epidemic with a current prevalence of x % for the total population aged x x , which has declined from x % in 2004.
  • There is a serious shortage of health care professionals in the country, with only x doctors and x paramedics per x people.

Published: May 5, 2015. By PRNewswire
Copyright © 2015 PR Newswire Association LLC

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